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The Thai Anthem

Thai Flag

The Thai flag consists of  five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width) white and red.

  Map of Thailand

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century.  The country was known as Siam until 1939 whereupon it was named the Kingdom of Thailand. Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power.  A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. Thailand was in alliance with Japan during World War II but became a US ally following the war.  Thailand is currently facing armed violence in its five Muslim-majority Southern provinces.  There are 76 provinces in Thailand.  The Capitol city is Bangkok.  

 Thailand is slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. State of Wyoming with a total area of 514,000 square kilometers (319,400 square miles).

Thailand is in Southeastern Asia.  The borders of Thailand are defined by the water boundries of the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand plus the bordering countries of Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia,  Laos and Malaysia .The geographic coordinates are: 15 00 N, 100 00 E.  The highest  elevation is  Doi (Mount) Inthanon in Northern Thailand at 2,576 meters (8,246 feet), and the lowest point is sea level at the Gulf of Thailand.  

Thai Boy
A Thai boy born today has a life expectancy of 69.23 years

The population of Thailand is 64,865,523.  The median age of the male population is 29.7 years while the female population is 31.2 years, thereby constituting a median age for the general population of 30.5 years.  Life expectancy at birth is 71.41 years.  For males born today, life expectancy is 69.23 years while for females the expectancy is 73.71 years.  

Seventy-five percent of the populace are ethnic Thai while Chinese account for 14%, and 11% are from other ethnic groups. 

The religions of Thailand are: Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6%.

The primary language in Thailand is Thai, although  English  is a secondary language of the elite.  Other ethnic and regional dialects are widely spoken.  

Literacy among the population greater than age 15 is 92.6%,- 94.9% among males and  90.5% among the females.

The Thai currency is the Baht (THB).   After enjoying the world's highest economic growth rate from 1985 to 1995 - averaging almost 9% annually - increased speculative pressure on Thailand's currency in 1997 led to a crisis that uncovered financial sector weaknesses and forced the government to float the Baht. Long pegged at 25 to the dollar, the Baht reached its lowest point of 56 to the dollar in January 1998 and the economy contracted by 10.2% that same year. The Baht now trades around 33 Baht per U.S. Dollar and 44.75 Baht per Euro.  Thailand entered a recovery stage in 1999, expanding 4.2% and grew about the same amount in 2000, largely due to strong exports - which increased about 20% in 2000.  GDP in 2003 is estimated to be $7,400. This page was last updated on Monday, 06 September 2010